Oral surgery is the area of medicine concerned with correcting problems or damage to the mouth, teeth and jaw. It is often referred to as “Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery” which combines oral surgery with surgery on the structures of the face, sinuses and neck.
Oral surgery is commonly performed to remove wisdom teeth, prepare the mouth for dentures, repair jaw problems and perform root canals and dental implants. Oral surgeons may also perform more advanced procedures as required after trauma or severe disease damages the structures of the mouth.
Also Known As: oral and maxillofacial surgery, maxillofacial surgery, dental surgery, extractions.
The most recognized form of oral surgery is tooth extraction. Reasons for tooth extraction can range from:
1) Impacted or partially erupted wisdom teeth
2) Teeth beyond repair either from tooth decay, root fracture, or trauma
3) Primary teeth that have failed to fall out, preventing the eruption of permanent teeth
4) Orthodontic treatment plans may require the removal of some teeth to achieve the optimum result